Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder, also known as Manic-Depression, is a condition that causes intense mood swings. Patients experience extreme emotional highs (manic episodes) alternating with depressive episodes.
Manic episodes and hypomanic episodes (a less severe form of mania) include three or more of the following symptoms:
  • Feeling abnormally upbeat, jumpy or wired
  • Increased activity, energy or agitationExaggerated sense of well-being and self-confidence (euphoria)
  • Decreased need for sleep (sometimes going for extended periods with little to no sleep yet not feeling tired)
  • Unusual talkativeness
  • Racing thoughts
  • Distractibility
  • Poor decision-making — for example, going on buying sprees, taking sexual risks or making foolish investments

  • Depressive episodes include five or more of the following symptoms:
  • Depressed mood, such as feeling sad, empty, hopeless or tearful (in children and teens, depressed mood can appear as irritability)
  • Marked loss of interest or feeling no pleasure in all — or almost all — activities
  • Significant weight loss when not dieting, weight gain, or decrease or increase in appetite (in children, failure to gain weight as expected can be a sign of depression)
  • Either insomnia or sleeping too much
  • Either restlessness or slowed behavior
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt
  • Decreased ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness
  • Thinking about, planning or attempting suicide
The treatment of bipolar disorder typically involves a medication component, though psychotherapy alongside medication management can be useful as well.

Depression | Anxiety | Panic Disorder | Social Anxiety Disorder
Postpartum Depression | Bipolar Disorder | Stress | Trauma
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) | Adjustment Disorder
Substance Abuse and Food Addiction | PTSD
Borderline Personality Disorder | Other Personality Disorders

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